Peru is located in the central and western part of South America. It borders the Pacific Ocean to the west, to the south it borders Chile, to the east with Bolivia and Brazil and to Colombia and Ecuador to the north.
It has an area of 1,285,215 km2, has a sovereignty over the sea of 200 miles from the Peruvian coast and is the third largest country in South America.
It has a population of 30,135,000 inhabitants (Urban: 75.9%, Rural: 24.1%), which consists of a variety of races and cultures due to the Spanish conquest and the subsequent migration of Africans, Asians and Europeans. It is divided into 24 departments and Lima is its capital.
Peru is a country of all bloods. Through its history, Peru has been the meeting point of different races and cultures. The Spaniards were added to the native population about 500 years ago.
- Spanish: 80.3%
- Quechua: 16.2%
- Other languages: 3.0%
- Foreign languages: 0.2%
As part of its cultural wealth, a multitude of native languages coexist in Peru. Although Spanish is the common language, Quechua is an important inheritance of the Inca past and in many regions of the country it is still spoken with slight variations depending on the area. There are also other dialects such as the Aymara (Puno) and various Amazonian languages that are distributed in a surprising variety of families of which, even in these days, about 15 linguistic trunks survive, giving rise to 43 different languages.
The official currency of Peru is Soles (S/) divided into 100 cents. It circulates in coins of 1, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents, 1, 2 and 5 soles and in bills of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 soles. Most formal establishments (such as restaurants, hotels, stores) accept credit cards. There are many Exchange Houses. There are ATMs, although it is useful to arrive with American dollars.
Peruvian time corresponds to UTC -5.
Peru is a Democratic Republic. The President and members of Congress are elected every five years.
The religion of Peru is a legacy of the Spanish conquest, for this reason, it is a predominantly Catholic country. Expressions of native religions such as the worship of the sun, the Pachamama (mother earth), among others, have been present since the sixteenth century. Rituals and festivals that express both: Catholicism and the mystical religions of ancient pre-Hispanic cultures are celebrated throughout the year in different cities, such as the Inti Raymi (festival of the Sun) in Cusco.
- Catholic: 89.03%
- Evangelical: 6.73%
- Other religions: 2.56%
- Atheist/No Religious: 1.65%
Peru also has a telephone network that provides national and international long distance calling services, as well as access to Wi-Fi networks with 4G technology. The main hotel establishments have wi/fi networks.
Coast: Weather quite humid. Temperatures range from 12ºC to 30ºC in summer. Winter is from April to October and summer from November to March. The north coast is always sunny and has warm temperatures all year round.
Andes: Two seasons: the dry season (from April to October), with sunny days, cold nights and lack of rain; and the rainy season (November to March), when there are frequent rain showers (around 1000 mm). Temperatures change a lot between day and night. At noon it could be around 24 ° C and go down to -3 ° C at night.
Jungle: Humidity throughout the year. The climate is divided into two distinct areas: the cloud forest (subtropical climate, with rain showers between November and March and sunny days from April to October); and the lowland jungle (where the dry season runs from April to October and is ideal for tourism, with sunshine and very pleasant temperatures of 35 ° C).
Peru is divided into three regions:
Coast: Deserts, beautiful beaches and fertile valley.
Andes: It has the most impressive mountainous landscapes and different lifestyles can be seen in this part of the country. Cusco and all the surrounding areas, including the magnificent Inca citadel of Machu Picchu are located in the Andes. Mount Huascarán 6,768 meters is also very impressive located in the department of Ancash.
Jungle: Tropical vegetation, wild animals and spectacular natural panoramas can be seen here. Hikes, boat rides and fascinating bird watching are some of the activities offered by the jungle.
|New Year :||1st of January.|
|Holly Week:||Holy Thursday and Good Friday (dates vary)|
|Labor Day:||May 1st.|
|St. Peter and St. Paul:||June 29.|
|Independence Day:||July 28 and 29|
|Santa Rosa de Lima:||August 30.|
|Battle of Angamos:||October 8|
|All the Saints:||November 1|
|Inmaculate Conception:||December 8|